Interview as a way of gathering information: strategy of concerns

Interview as a way of gathering information: strategy of concerns

It is necessary to tell apart interviews as an approach of collecting information and interviewing as being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two alternative methods are:

  • observation, once the researcher himself is an eyewitness associated with event,
  • working together with documents, where in actuality the document means any material provider texts that are containing pictures.

Forms of interviews and their function

Interviews as an approach of data gathering in change are divided in to:

  • genre (for planning of text when you look at the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to spot the faculties of an individual, then to mirror them within the text).

The reportage meeting was discussed when you look at the previous chapter. About the investigative shall learn when you look at the chapter on information retrieval. The theme for this chapter is interview as a genre, as being a real means of text formatting in the shape of questions from the interviewer together with answers regarding the interlocutor. During the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where the wide range of concerns associated with researcher is minimized (they generally are no after all), during the other pole – a discussion, as soon as the journalist not merely asks concerns, but additionally talks much with long arguments.

The fact the interview is a discussion, suggests in regards to the same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. Into the usual interview, the interviewer responses just take 70-90% of this text. A discussion could be carried out with a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so the viewpoint of the journalist has also been interesting to visitors, while the viewpoint for the interlocutor. If a typical journalist speaks as much or even more in an meeting being an interlocutor, this will be a indication of insufficient certification.

Types of interviews according to the subject. Topic interview

With respect to the subject, you will find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the interview that is subject their state of things in just about any industry of activity. Often this really is an interview with a specialist, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to your journalist exactly as much as he could be related to this situation. As an example, a police officer tells how to protect an apartment from thieves. A doctor explains how exactly to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The monetary advisor makes a forecast just how long the crisis will undoubtedly be regarding the exchange. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on conditions that deviate through the meeting subject, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.

The structure regarding the interview that is subject of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to the subject. Then there is a parsing of this topic for the intended purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The interview that is subject using the streamlining of the thing that was stated, summarizing, practical guidelines to readers.

The hero regarding the interview that is subject be an eyewitness or participant in the case. That is information interview, one of many news genres. The duty associated with journalist is to learn whenever possible the information and information on what occurred. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.

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